United Rentals Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2008 Results
Greenwich, CT - Feb 24, 2009
United Rentals, Inc. (NYSE: URI) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2008. For the fourth quarter, total revenue was $791 million and rental revenue was $600 million, compared with $925 million and $681 million, respectively, for the fourth quarter 2007. For the full year, total revenue was $3.3 billion and rental revenue was $2.5 billion, compared with $3.7 billion and $2.6 billion, respectively, for the full year 2007.
- Free cash flow generation increased to $335 million for full year 2008, compared with $242 million for 2007
- Closed or consolidated 75 underperforming branches during the year and reduced headcount by approximately 1,000
- Pro-forma EBITDA margin increased to 32.4% for full year 2008, compared with 31.2% for 2007
- SG&A expense reduction of $28 million for fourth quarter, and $84 million for the full year 2008, resulting in an SG&A margin improvement of 0.4 percentage points to 15.7% of revenue for the year
- A record $1.3 billion of equipment (original equipment cost) was transferred among branches, on average each quarter, to better align fleet with demand
- Time utilization was 64.2% for the fourth quarter and 63.6% for the full year 2008, a decrease of 0.8 percentage points and 0.4 percentage points, respectively, from 2007; rental rates declined 6.4% for the quarter and 3.1% for the year
- Contractor supplies gross margin increased year-over-year by 4.8 percentage points to 25.6% for the fourth quarter, and by 4.6 percentage points to 23.6% for the full year
Michael Kneeland, chief executive officer of United Rentals, said, "Our 2008 performance reflects our ability to pull the key levers that are within our control, especially our cost structure, liquidity and fleet performance, to confront a challenging environment. Despite weak end markets as the year progressed, we succeeded in increasing our full year cash flow, pro forma EBITDA margin and SG&A ratio. These improvements are the result of a disciplined internal plan designed to ensure short-term stability and long-term growth."
Kneeland continued, "We are entering 2009 with a continued focus on cost control, a sound capital structure that provides ample liquidity, and the ability to limit capex and to generate positive cash flow. In January we launched a company-wide initiative for customer service leadership that will give us strategic advantages now and in a recovery."
Fourth Quarter 2008 Results
On a GAAP continuing operations basis, the company reported a fourth quarter 2008 loss of $853 million, or a loss of $14.25 per diluted share, compared with income of $153 million, or $1.36 earnings per diluted share, for the fourth quarter 2007. The fourth quarter 2008 loss includes the following after-tax items: (i) a previously announced non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $911 million, or $(15.21) per diluted share; (ii) a gain of $26 million, or $0.44 per diluted share, related to the repurchase of $130 million principal amount of outstanding senior and senior subordinated notes; (iii) a charge of $12 million, or $(0.20) per diluted share, related to the aggregate impact of closing 43 branches during the quarter and impairing certain assets; and (iv) a net after-tax foreign currency transaction loss of $1 million, or $(0.01) per diluted share, related to the company’s Canadian operations. Fourth quarter 2007 income from continuing operations includes an after-tax gain of $59 million, or $0.52 per diluted share, related to the termination of the Cerberus merger agreement and net after-tax foreign currency transaction gains of $11 million, or $0.10 per diluted share, related to the company’s Canadian operations.
The company reported pro-forma continuing operations EPS of $0.65 for the fourth quarter 2008 as compared to $0.75 for the prior year. The decline in profitability primarily reflects lower equipment rental revenue and gross profit in a softening construction environment, partially offset by a lower share count as well as the company’s successful cost cutting initiatives. 2008 pro-forma EPS excludes the impact of the goodwill impairment charge, the gain on the repurchase of the notes, the aggregate impact of branch closures and asset impairments, and the foreign currency transaction loss, while 2007 pro-forma EPS excludes the impact of the merger termination benefit as well as the foreign currency transaction gains.
EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, was $234 million and EBITDA margin was 29.6% for fourth quarter 2008, compared with $415 million and 44.9% for fourth quarter 2007. Fourth quarter 2008 EBITDA includes $11 million of branch-closure charges and a $1 million foreign currency transaction loss. Fourth quarter 2007 EBITDA includes a gain of $94 million associated with the merger termination benefit as well as foreign currency transaction gains of $17 million. Excluding the impact of these items, the company’s fourth quarter pro-forma EBITDA margin was 31.1%, a decrease of 1.8 percentage points from the fourth quarter 2007.
Full Year 2008 Results
On a GAAP continuing operations basis, the company reported a full year 2008 loss of $704 million, or a loss of $12.62 per diluted share, compared with income of $363 million, or $3.26 earnings per diluted share, for full year 2007. The full year 2008 loss includes the following after-tax items: (i) a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $911 million, or $(12.19) per diluted share; (ii) a gain of $26 million, or $0.35 per diluted share, related to the note repurchases; (iii) charges of $14 million, or $(0.18) per diluted share, related to the aggregate impact of closing 75 branches during the year and impairing certain assets; (iv) an $8 million, or $(0.10) per diluted share, charge principally related to the establishment of a foreign tax credit valuation allowance as a result of the preferred stock repurchase discussed below; (v) the $14 million, or $(0.19) per diluted share, SEC settlement charge; and (vi) the $1 million, or $(0.01) per diluted share, foreign currency transaction loss. Additionally, the full year 2008 loss includes a preferred stock redemption charge of $239 million, or $(3.19) per diluted share, related to the company’s June 2008 repurchase of all of its outstanding Series C and D preferred stock, which reduces income available to common stockholders for EPS purposes but does not affect net income. Full year 2007 income from continuing operations includes an after-tax gain of $57 million, or $0.50 per diluted share, related to the termination of the Cerberus merger agreement, as well as net after-tax foreign currency transaction gains of $11 million, or $0.10 per diluted share.
The company reported pro-forma continuing operations EPS of $2.62 for 2008 as compared to $2.67 for the prior year. The decline in profitability primarily reflects lower equipment rental revenue and gross profit in a softening construction environment, partially offset by the company’s successful cost cutting initiatives as well as a lower share count. 2008 pro-forma EPS excludes the impact of the goodwill impairment charge, the gain on the repurchase of the notes, the preferred stock redemption charge and related foreign tax credit valuation allowance, the SEC charge, the aggregate impact of branch closures and asset impairments, and the foreign currency transaction loss. 2007 pro-forma EPS excludes the impact of the merger benefit, foreign currency transaction gains and branch closures.
EBITDA was $1.03 billion and EBITDA margin was 31.5% for full year 2008, compared with $1.27 billion and 34.1% for full year 2007. Full year 2008 EBITDA includes $14 million of branch-closure charges, the $14 million SEC charge, and the $1 million foreign currency transaction loss. Excluding the impact of these items, the company’s full year 2008 pro-forma EBITDA margin was 32.4%, as compared with a pro-forma EBITDA margin of 31.2% for full year 2007 (exclusive of the merger benefit, the foreign currency transaction gains and branch closure charges). The year-over-year improvement in pro-forma EBITDA margin reflects the favorable impact of a shift in revenue mix resulting from the company’s focus on higher margin equipment rentals and the success of the company’s cost-cutting initiatives, partially offset by lower gross profit in a softening construction environment.
Free Cash Flow and Fleet Size
For full year 2008, free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure, was $335 million after total rental and non-rental capital expenditures of $704 million, compared with free cash flow of $242 million after total rental and non-rental capital expenditures of $990 million for full year 2007. The year-over-year increase in free cash flow was largely the result of a reduction in capital purchases, partially offset by the absence of the $91 merger termination benefit that enhanced our 2007 results.
The size of the rental fleet, as measured by the original equipment cost, was $4.1 billion and the age of the rental fleet was 39 months at December 31, 2008, compared with $4.2 billion and 38 months at December 31, 2007.
Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
Return on invested capital was 11.7% for the 12 months ended December 31, 2008, a decrease of 2.8 percentage points from the same period last year. The company’s ROIC metric uses operating income for the trailing twelve months divided by the averages of stockholders’ equity, debt and deferred taxes, net of average cash.
The company also announced that it will suspend issuing formal guidance due to continued uncertainty in the macro-economy and the impact of the credit environment on the company's customers.
United Rentals will hold a conference call tomorrow, Thursday, February 26, 2009, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time. The conference call will be available live by audio webcast at unitedrentals.com, where it will be archived, and by calling 866-225-2976.
Free cash flow, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), pro-forma EBITDA, and pro-forma earnings per share (EPS) are non-GAAP financial measures as defined under the rules of the SEC. Free cash flow represents net cash provided by operating activities, less purchases of rental and non-rental equipment plus proceeds from sales of rental and non-rental equipment and excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements. EBITDA represents the sum of (loss) income from continuing operations before (benefit) provision for income taxes, interest expense, net, interest expense-subordinated convertible debentures, depreciation-rental equipment, goodwill impairment charge and non-rental depreciation and amortization. Pro-forma EBITDA represents EBITDA plus (i) the sum of the charges related to the settlement of the SEC inquiry and branch closures, net, as well as the net foreign currency transaction loss, less, (ii) the sum of the merger termination benefit and net foreign currency transaction gains. Pro-forma EPS represents pro-forma income from continuing operations available to common stockholders divided by pro-forma weighted-average diluted shares outstanding. The company believes that: (i) free cash flow provides useful additional information concerning cash flow available to meet future debt service obligations and working capital requirements; (ii) EBITDA and pro-forma EBITDA provide useful information about operating performance and period-over-period growth; and (iii) pro-forma EPS provides useful information concerning future profitability with consideration to the company’s changed capital structure. However, none of these measures should be considered as alternatives to net income, cash flows from operating activities under GAAP, or earnings per share as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. Information reconciling forward-looking free cash flow, EBITDA, pro-forma EBITDA and pro-forma EPS expectations to GAAP financial measures is unavailable to the company without unreasonable effort.
About United Rentals
United Rentals, Inc. is the largest equipment rental company in the world, with an integrated network of over 625 rental locations in 48 states, 10 Canadian provinces and Mexico. The company’s approximately 9,900 employees serve construction and industrial customers, utilities, municipalities, homeowners and others. The company offers for rent over 2,800 classes of equipment with a total original cost of $4.1 billion. United Rentals is a member of the Standard & Poor’s MidCap 400 Index and the Russell 2000 Index® and is headquartered in Greenwich, Conn. Additional information about United Rentals is available at www.unitedrentals.com.
Certain statements in this press release are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can generally be identified by words such as “believes,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “projects,” “forecasts,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seek,” “on track” or “anticipates,” or the negative thereof or comparable terminology, or by discussions of vision, strategy or outlook. Our businesses and operations are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and, consequently, actual results may differ materially from those projected by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected include, but are not limited to, the following: (1) the depth and duration of the current economic downturn and accompanying decreases in North American construction and industrial activities, which have significantly affected revenues and, because many of our costs are fixed, our profitability, and which may further reduce demand and prices for our products and services; (2) our highly leveraged capital structure, which requires us to use a substantial portion of our cash flow for debt service and can constrain our flexibility in responding to unanticipated or adverse business conditions; (3) noncompliance with financial or other covenants in our debt agreements, which could result in our lenders terminating our credit facilities and requiring us to repay outstanding borrowings; (4) inability to access the capital that our businesses or growth plans may require; (5) inability to manage credit risk adequately or to collect on contracts with a large number of customers; (6) the outcome or other potential consequences of pending stockholder lawsuits filed in light of the recently-settled SEC inquiry and purported class action lawsuits relating to the terminated merger agreement with Cerberus’ affiliates; (7) incurrence of additional expenses (including indemnification obligations) and other costs in connection with the U.S. Attorney’s Office inquiry, other litigation or regulatory or investigatory matters, related to the foregoing or otherwise; (8) increases in our maintenance and replacement costs as we age our fleet, and decreases in the residual value of our equipment; (9) inability to sell our used fleet in the amounts, or at the prices, we expect; (10) the possibility that companies we’ve acquired or may acquire could have undiscovered liabilities, may strain our management capabilities or may be difficult to integrate; (11) turnover in our management team and inability to attract and retain key personnel; (12) rates we can charge and time utilization we can achieve being less than anticipated; (13) costs we incur being more than anticipated, and the inability to realize expected savings in the amounts or time frames planned; (14) dependence on key suppliers to obtain equipment and other supplies for our business on acceptable terms; (15) competition from existing and new competitors; (16) disruptions in our information technology systems; (17) the costs of complying with environmental and safety regulations; (18) labor disputes, work stoppages or other labor difficulties, which may impact our productivity, and potential enactment of new legislation or other changes in law affecting our labor relations or operations generally; (19) exchange rate fluctuations; and (20) shortfalls in our insurance coverage. For a fuller description of these and other possible uncertainties, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, as well as to our subsequent filings with the SEC. Our forward-looking statements contained herein speak only as of the date hereof, and we make no commitment to update or publicly release any revisions to forward-looking statements in order to reflect new information or subsequent events, circumstances or changes in expectations.
Cell: (917) 847-4507